The Moral Implication of Abortion: An Issue by Olayinka Afeez - THE NEW DAWN ONLINE

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Thursday, September 08, 2016

The Moral Implication of Abortion: An Issue by Olayinka Afeez



Margeret Sanger a philosopher said '' no woman can call herself free until she can choose consciously whether she will or will not be a mother''. Peter Singer a philosopher also said ''infanticide or abortion is justifiable based on circumstances. If there is need to save lives''. The debate on abortion is a controversial issue in moral philosophy, legal status of induced abortion and the well- being of the society. The sides involved in the debate are the self-described '' pro-choice movement who emphasizing the right of women to decide whether to terminate a pregnancy. Pro-life movement emphasising the right of embryo or fetus to life.

WHAT IS ABORTION?

Abortion is act of terminating pregnancy either by miscarriage or induced. This write-up however will focus on an induced abortion since it has to do with physical or human process of terminating pregnancy. The right of the women to keep the pregnancy or to abort the pregnancy is the dichotomy or perennial issue bothering the business of all walks of life.

Abortion is essentially a moral issue, concerning the commencement of human personhood, the rights of the fetus, and a woman's right over her own body. The debate has become a political and legal issue in some countries with anti-abortion campaigners seeking to enact, maintain and expand anti-abortion laws, while abortion rights campaingners seeking the repeal or easing of such laws,while improving access to abortion.

Traditionally, the concept of subjectivity and intersubjectivity on personhood, mind,and self have come to encompass a number of aspects of the soul thus the questions such as, when does the soul enter the body, in modern terms,and at what point does individual fetus or embroyo develop personhold or selfhood and since zygote is genetically identical to embryo, the fully formed fetus, and the baby.

This led me to sorites paradox. Since human fetus is biologically and genetically human, that implies that fetus is an innocent human person and has a potential life that will in most cases develop into a fully functional human being. Since It is wrong to kill human person, therefore abortion is wrong. A philosopher Warren argued that'' fetus is not a person since its only base on consciousness, abortion is therefore to him morally permissible. Another philosopher Judith Thomson also support the argument that abortion should be granted since women have the right to control their own body.

Pregnancy is a natural gift from God and the fetus if allowed will become a personhood. The divine comand theory however reject abortion because fetus came to being on the authority and the commandment of God.

St Thomas Aquinas rejected abortion. Logically, if P then Q, P, therefore Q. If fetus is a human person and it is very wrong to kill a human person. Then it is absolutely wrong to kill fetus. Abortion on this note is immoral. Taking the life of the innocent babies on the prorata of any cirmcustances is not justifiable and it is nothing but a fallacy of argumentum ad baculum..appeal to force.

I understand that my friends in the school of thought of Utilitarian and situationism will continue to defend their arguments on the situation and the circumstances of the pregnancy. Although to argue that action should based on the greatest happiness over pains cannot overshadow the divine commandment of God. Let man be man and God be God. Man can never be God.

I therefore appeal to every women to desist from abortion. Allow the innocent child to come. Abortion is wrong. Dont forget to assist the people you will meet on your way to the top. Nigeria has a future and you are the future.

OLAYINKA, Afeez Socrates
Phone number: 08065274313
Email address : mamaever22005@yahoo.com

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