Finance Bill 2019: What you need to know - The New Dawn Online News - THE NEW DAWN ONLINE

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Sunday, December 15, 2019

Finance Bill 2019: What you need to know - The New Dawn Online News

The Senate on Thursday 21st November, 2019 passed the Finance Bill 2019, which increased the Value Added Tax (VAT) from five per cent to 7.5 per cent and streamlined the nation’s tax regime.

The passage of the Bill followed the presentation and consideration of the report of the Senator Solomon Adeola-led Committee on Finance on the Finance Bill 2019.

Following the passage of the Bill, Senate President Ahmad Lawan said the amendment was meant to generate revenue to fund the 2020 budget.


Below are what you need to know about the Finance Bill; 

1. Excess dividend tax to apply only to untaxed distributions other than profits specifically exempted from tax and franked investment income

2. Small businesses with turnover less than N25m to be exempted from Companies Income Tax

3. A lower CIT rate of 20% to apply to medium-sized companies with turnover between N25m and N100m

4. Commencement and cessation rules modified to eliminate overlaps and gaps to avoid double taxation and complication during commencement

5. Minimum tax provisions amended to 0.5% of turnover and exemption only applies to small companies (less than 25m turnover), so non-resident companies will now pay minimum tax

6. Insurance companies can now carry forward tax losses indefinitely, deduct reserve for unexpired risks on time apportionment bases while special minimum tax for insurance has been abolished

7. Bonus of 2% of tax payable (medium-sized companies) and 1% for large companies for early payment of CIT

8. Introduction of thin capitalisation of 30% of EBITDA for interest deductibility. Any excess deduction can be carried forward for 5 years

9. Deemed tax presence for non-residents with respect to imported technical and management services now taxable at a final WHT rate of 10%

0. Any expense incurred to earn exempt income now specifically disallowed as a deduction against other taxable income

1. Dividend distributed from petroleum profits now to attract 10% withholding tax

2. Banks to request for Tax Identification Number (TIN) before opening bank accounts for individuals, while existing account holders must provide their TIN to continue operating their accounts

3. Email correspondences to be recognised for communicating with tax authorities

4. The meaning of supply and definition of goods and services has been expanded to cover intangible items other than land, among others

5. Specific requirement for VAT deregistration for discontinuing operations

6. Introduction of VAT reverse charge on imported services

7. VAT registration threshold of N25 million turnover in a calendar year to be introduced

8. Remittance of VAT now to be on cash basis, that is, difference between output VAT collected and input VAT paid in the preceding month

9. Compensation for loss of employment below N10m to be exempted from CGT

0. Stamp duty on bank transfer to apply only on amount from N10,000 and above. Transfers between the same owner’s accounts in the same bank also to be exempted.

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